Cancer Screening Protocols
Cancer is a scary word for anyone. Helping to understand the cancer and options for your life will help ease the anxiety you may feel. Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity (mouth) and Pharynx ( the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus) account for more than 48,250 cases per year in the United States alone. It contributes to 9,575 deaths per year. Most of these diagnosis rely on patient presentation and physical examination, then biopsy confirmation. Because of this, it results in delay diagnosis, at a late stage. Studies confirm that survival does correlate with stage. So early diagnosis and treatment is optimal for this disease.
Despite all the advances in technology, surgical techniques, radiation and chemotherapy, the survival rate has not changed in decades. Five years of data reveal survival rate of less than 60%. Often times those that do survive often endure major functional, cosmetic, and psychological issues. Most of these issues arise due to dysfunction of speech, swallowing, breathing, and chewing.
Three quarters of all head and neck cancers begin in the oral cavity. According to the National Cancer Institute's SEER program (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results), thirty percent of oral cancers originate in the tongue. Thirty-one percent present in the lip and bottom of the mouth.
It is important to remember that 75% of these cancers present themselves in those who use tobacco products and alcohol. Although that is a staggering statistic, 1 in 4 people who are diagnosed with head, mouth, or throat cancer have not regularly used tobacco or alcohol products. Research is finding that younger, non smoking patients under the age of 50 are the fastest growing of the oral cancer population. HPV ( human papillomavirus) a sexually transmitted disease, is believes to be the cause of this rapid change.
Although tobacco use causing cancers has declined, unfortunately, the increase of oral, head, and neck cancers found in men and women in their 20's and 30's is replacing it.
Understanding Mouth Cancer Linwood NJ 08221 As in many different cancers, the symptoms and history of a patient will often tell the dentist or physician if cancer may be present and also the most likely site of the lesion/cancer. Tobacco and alcohol cancers tend to be found in the back of the tongue and mouth, while HPV cancer tends to be in the front of the oral cavity.