A lot of us don't think about the well-being of our teeth until something goes wrong and we have to get something fixed. In reality, our teeth help us to help us digest food, play very important role in speech, and have an impact on overall health. How much do you really know about your teeth?
Well let's start with the development of teeth. Humans have two sets of teeth. They have their primary set and then their permanent set. Their primary set is their baby teeth and those are ones that eventually come out and are replaced with the permanent set. Here are some facts about how teeth develop:
- Teeth tend to come out essentially in a parallel sides, which means that the top molars, for example, on your left side should grow in about the same time as the top molars on your right side.
- The development of your teeth begins a lot earlier than people realize. It's not just when they come out but the babies' first tooth begins development during the second trimester of pregnancy, and appears route six months of age.
- The primary teeth you have as a baby are in place by age 3 and remain until around age 6, at which point they start to fall out to make way for the set a permanent teeth. These permanent teeth start growing between six and 12 years of age. The typical adult has about 32 permanent teeth. These permanent teeth are much larger the primary teeth and take a little bit longer to grow in.
Now let's talk about the different parts of your teeth this heat is divided into two basic parts the crown which is the white part of the tooth and the root which you can't see. Your teeth contain four different kinds of tissue and each one of those tissue has a different job:
- Enamel the first kind of tissue which is the visible substance that covers your tooth. Enamel is harder than bone and it is the protector of your tooth from decay and other harmful damages. Enamel is made up of the calcium and phosphorus.
- Dentinis the second kind of tissue, which is underneath the enamel. It is calcified and also similar to bone. Although, it's not as hard as enamel, so it's a greater risk of decay if the enamel wears away.
- Cementum is the third kind of tissue which covers the root and helps anchor it into the bone. It's softer that enamel and dentinis, so the best way to take care of it is to take proper care of your gums. Cementum is light yellow in color and is usually covered by the gums. However, if you do not take adequate care of your teeth and gums, they may become disease and shrink which exposes the cementum to harmful plaque and bacteria.
- The last kind of tissue is the pulp. It's on at the center of the tooth and contains blood vessels, nerves, and other tissues that deliver nutrients and signals to your teeth.
- The first type of tooth are incisors. Those are the eight teeth in the front and center of your mouth, four on top and four on bottom. These are the ones that you use to take the bites into your food and they are usually the first ones out in the primary set.
- The second type of teeth are the canines. They are the sharpest and are used for ripping and shredding the food apart. They generally appear between 16 and 20 months of age with the top canines coming in a little bit sooner than a lower canines. In the development of permanent teeth, that order is reversed.
- The third type of tooth are the premolars which are used for chewing and grinding her food. You have four of them on each side of your mouth. The first premolars come in around age 10 and the second ones around a year later after that.
- The fourth type of tooth is your molars, which are also use for chewing and grinding food. They appear around 12 and 15 months of age until they're replaced by the permanent premolars.
- Lastly you have your third molars which are commonly known as wisdom teeth. They are the last to develop and don't typically come in until age 18 to 20. Some people don't develop their third molars at all. For those who do, they could cause crowd crowding and might need to be removed.
So your teeth are very important and serve a lot of purposes. In order to keep your overall health in tiptop shape, make sure you take your oral health seriously and stay on top of your brushing and flossing. Also try to avoid smoking and eating poorly as those are not good for your dental health. As always make sure you see your dentist regularly to make sure you stay on top of your dental health and keep your pearly whites pearly and white.
Everyone here at Dr. Peter Wiesel's Dental office is SUPER excited to help you with all your dental needs. We pride ourselves on providing you with outstanding service and invite you to to come see why we are the Best of 2015 in Dental Care for New Jersey! Give us a call to schedule your appointment now! Contact us at 609-927-5300.