The structure of a person’s tooth can be classified into two parts: the root and the crown. The part of the tooth that is enclosed by the bone and gums is the root while the visible part of the tooth which seats below the gum line of the upper teeth and above the gum of the lower teeth is the clinical crown. These are the main parts for those people who have a set of healthy teeth. If the teeth is damaged, a dental crown can be placed over the damaged or decayed tooth to repair its size, shape and strength, improve its appearance and protect it from further damage. When cemented in place, these crowns completely cover the visible part of the tooth.
Dental crowns can be made out of different materials. They are usually made out of ceramic compounds, metal or combinations of metals which are mostly consist of gold alloy, palladium alloy or nickel alloy. There are different types of crowns depending on the material used, each consisting its own unique pros and cons.
- Metal: The most commonly used material for metal crowns is gold. As a crown, gold is very long lasting and easy for a dentist to work with. Appearance is the only disadvantage of metal crowns since they don’t go with the natural color of the teeth.
- Porcelain: Crowns made out of porcelain are very easy on the eyes and for this reason, they frequently make a great pick for repairing the front teeth. The only concern about using this material is its strength and longevity that is why this material is not recommended for back-tooth repairs.
- Combination of porcelain and metal: This material is basically a cross between metal and porcelain crowns. Advantages of this material includes strength (very strong) and appearance (natural looking) while the disadvantages includes durability (high probability of chipping or breaking) and aesthetics (not pleasing on the eyes unlike pure ceramic ones)
To choose the appropriate dental crown, three conditions should be taken into account ─ location of the tooth, condition of the tooth (how decayed and stained it is) and condition of the gums.
Everyone here at Dr. Peter Wiesel's Dental office is SUPER excited to help you with all your dental needs. We pride ourselves on providing you with outstanding service and invite you to to come see why we are the Best of 2015 in Dental Care for New Jersey! Give us a call to schedule your appointment now! Contact us at 609-927-5300.