Causes of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
Believe it or not, in most cases of cleft lip and/or cleft palate, the cause is unknown. Preventing these conditions is just not an option. Many scientists believe that clefts happen because of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There seems to be a great risk of clefting in a newborn if a sibling, parent, or other relative have also had the problem.
It is also widely believed that medication taking during pregnancy can cause cleft lip and cleft palate. There are several drugs that are believed to pose a risk; anti seizure and anticonvulsant drugs, acne drugs containing an ingredient called Accutane, and methotrexate (this drug is commonly used to treat cancer, arthritis and psoriasis).
Cleft palate or Cleft Lip may also happen if the fetus is exposed to a virus or chemical while it is developing in the womb.
As long as a mother is receiving prenatal care, most of the time a cleft lip and/or cleft palate is easily diagnosed because of the obvious physical changes. During a prenatal ultrasound it can sometimes be detected, but if it hasn’t been detected before birth, a physical examination of the mouth, nose and palate will confirm if the child has cleft lip or cleft palate. Cleft Lip Linwood NJ 08221
Treating these two abnormalities is quite different. A cleft lip usually only requires one to two surgeries. Of course this all depends on the extent of the repair needed. The first surgery usually occurs by the time the baby is 3 months old.
Repairing a cleft palate often times requires multiple surgeries over the course of 18 years. Cleft Lip Linwood NJ 08221
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